Worldwide Shell Reference Books & Articles

The World By Region/Country:


Barnard, 1951.  A beginner’s guide to South African shells, Maskey Miller, Cape Town, 1953

Herbert, D.G., 1986.  A revision of the South African Scissurellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda:  Prosobranchia), Annals of the Natal Museum 27.601-632

Herbert, D.G., 1992.  Revision of the Unboniinae (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Trochidae) in southern Africa and Mozambique

Kennelly, D.H., 1969.  Marine shells of Southern Africa (2nd ed), Books of Africa Ltd, Cape Town

Kilburn, R., 1992.  Turridae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of southern Africa and Mozambique Part 6 Subfamily Mangelinae, section 1

Richards, D., 1981.  South African shells:  a collector’s guide.  527 spec. described

Spry, J.F., 1961.  The sea shells of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika Society, Dar-es-Salaam

Steyn & Lussi, 1998.  Marine shells of South Africa





Abbott, R.T., 1974.  American sea shells (2nd ed), Van Nostrano Reinhold Company, New York

Coan, E.V., Valentich, Scott, P., and Bernard, F.R., 2000.  Bivalve seashells of North America

Emerson, W.K. and Jacobson, M.K., 1976.  Guide to the shells, land, freshwater, and marine, from Nova Scotia to Florida

Keen, A.M., 1971.  Sea shells of tropical west America.  Stanford University Press, Stanford

McLean and Gosliner, 1996.  Taxonomic atlas of the benthic fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and western Santa Barbara Channel Volume 9 – The Mollusca Part 2 The Gastropoda





Bouchet, P. and Waren, A., 1980.  Revision of the northeast Atlantic bathyal and abyssal Turridae

Bouchet, P. and Waren, A., 1985.  Revision of the northeast Atlantic bathyal and abyssal Neogastropoda excluding Turridae

Bouchet, P. and Waren, A., 1986.  Revision of the northeast Atlantic bathyal and abyssal Aclididae, Eulimidae, Epitoniidae

Lou and Barr, N., 1989.  Under Alaskan seas, the shallow water marine invertebrates





Dell, R.K., 1990.  Antarctic mollusca

Powell, A.W.B., 1960.  Antarctic & subantarctic mollusca  



Australia listed separately





Redfern, C., 2001.  Bahamian seashells





Rios, E.C., 1970.  Coastal Brazilian seashells





Quayle, Daniel B., 1960.  The intertidal bivalves of British Columbi, B.C. Provincial Museum, Handbook 7





Wels, F.E., Bryce, C.W., Clark, J.E. and Hanson, G.M., 1990.  Christmas shells:  the marine shells of Christmas I. (Indian Ocean), Christmas I. Natural History Association, Christmas I., Australia





Maes, V., 1967.  The littoral marine molluscs of the Cocos-Keeling Islands (Indian Ocean), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 119, 93-217, pls 1-26





Rehder, H.A., 1980.  Marine mollusks of Easter Island





Barnes, R.S.K., 1994.  Brackish-water fauna of NW Europe

Finet, Wüest & Mareda, 1992.  Gastropods of the Channel & Atlantic Ocean:  shells & radulas

Gianuzzi-Savelli, Pusateri, Palmeri and Ebreo, 1994-97.  Atlas of Mediterranean sea shells, Volume 1 – Archaeogastropoda; Volume 2 – Caenogastropoda, Part 1

Ivanov, D.K. and Sysoev, A.F., 2000.  Types of mollusca in the Zoological Museum of Moscow University

Jensen & Knudsen, 1995.  Annotated checklist of recent marine molluscs of Danish waters

Pfeffer, G., 1993.  The Cephalopoda of the plankton expedition, English translation by I. Kohli of the original work of 1912

Poppe & Goto, 1990-93.  European seashells (2 volumes)

Sabelli, Sabelli and Bedulli, 1990-92.  Annotated checklist of Mediterranean mollusks (3 volumes)

Stavrinos, G.M., 1984.  Guide to the seashells of Cyprus

Tenekidis, N., 1989.  Collection of shells from the Greek seas





Hedley, C., 1899.  The mollusca of Funafuti (supplement) Part 1 Gasteropoda; Part 2 Pelecypoda and Brachiopoda, Summary, Mem. Aust. Mus. III, 547-565





Finet, Y., 1994.  Marine molluscs of the Galapagos No. 1 Haliotidae, Scissurellidae, Fissurellidae and Lottiidae

Finet, Y., 1995.  Marine molluscs of the Galapagos No. 2 Trochidae, Skeneidae, Turbinidae and Neritidae





Brost and Coale, 1971.  Guide to shell collecting in the Kwajalein Atoll

Burgess, P., 1995.  Strangers in Hawaii

Edmonson, C., 1946.  Reef & shore fauna of Hawaii 2nd Edition

Fielding, A., 1979.  Hawaiian reefs & tidepools:  a guide to Hawaii’s shallow-water invertebrates

Hobson and Chave, 1972.  Hawaiian reef animals

Kay, E.A., 1979.  Hawaiian marine shells, B.P. Bishop Museum Special Publication 64 (4): 653pp

Morris, P.A., 1966.  Field guide to the shells of the Pacific Coast and Hawaii

Quirk and Wolfe, 1974.  Seashells of Hawaii





Hughes, R.N., 1985.  The vermetid gastropods of Hong Kong, the malacofauna of Hong Kong and southern China II, vol 1. Morton, B., and Dudgeon, D., ed., Hong Kong University Press, 127-138

Morton, B. & Dudgeon, D. /Hrsg./, 1985.  The malacofauna of Hong Kong and southern China





Hornell, J., 1951.  Indian mollusca, Bombay Natural History Society

Mookherjee, H.P., 1985.  Contributions to the molluscan fauna of India Part III marine molluscs of the Coromandel Coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar

Subba Rao, N.V. and Surya Rao, K.V., 1993.  Records of the zoological survey of India: contribution to the knowledge of Indian maritime molluscs – Part 3 family: Muricidae





Dharma, B., 1988.  Indonesian shells vol 1

Dharma, B., 1992.  Indonesian shells vol II





Habe, T., 1977.  Systematics of mollusca in Japan, bivalvia and scaphopoda, Japan

Habe, T., 1981.  A catalogue of mollusca of Wakayama Prefecture, the province of Kii.  1 bivalvia, scaphopoda and cephalopoda, Nakanishi Printing Co., Kyoto

Higo, S., Callomom, P. and Goto, Y., 1999.  Catalogue and bibliography of the marine shell-bearing mollusca of Japan

Hirase, Shintaro and Taki Isao, 1951.  A handbook of illustrated shells from the Japanese Islands and adjacent territory, Tokyo: Bunkyokaku Publ.

Kuroda, T. and Habe, T., 1952.  Check list and bibliography of the recent marine mollusca of Japan

Kuroda, T., Habe, T. and Oyama, K., 1971.  The sea shells of Sagami Bay, Marusen Co., Tokyo

Okutani, T. (Hrsg.), 2000.  Marine mollusks in Japan, Bilingual Japanese/English

Oyama, K., 1957-61.  The molluscan shells Vols 1-5, Science & Photography Club, Japan





Oliver, W.R.B., 1915.  Marine mollusca of the Kermadec Islands, Tras. NZ Inst. XLVII (1914), 509-568





Cachia, C., Mifsud, C. and Sammut, P., 1991.  The marine shelled mollusca of the Maltese Islands Vol. 1 Part 2 (1996) Part 3 (2001)





DelÁngelo, B. and Smiriglio, C., 2001.  Living chitons from the Mediterranean Sea

Gianuzzi-Savelli, R., Pusateri, F., Palmeri, A. and Ebron, C., Atlas of the Mediterranean seashells Vol. 1 – 7.





Andre Franc, 1956.  Mollusques terrestres et fluviatil del lárchipel Neo-Caledonien (French)

Pierson, R. & C., 1975.  Mysterious cowries of New Caledonia

Salvat, Rives and Reverce, 1988.  Coquillages de Nouvelle Caledonie

Trondie and Hubert, 1992.  Muricidae de Polynesie Francais, les





Halstead, B., Halstead, D. and Sarta, S., 1998.  The coral reefs of Papua New Guinea

Hinton, A., 1972.  Shells of New Guinea and the central Indo-Pacific, Robert Brown and Associates, Port Moresby

Hinton, A., 1975.  Shells of New Guinea and the central Indo-Pacific, Reprint

Hinton, A., 1978.  Guide to the shells of Papua New Guinea





Lamb, D., 1981.  The children’s guide to collecting New Zealand sea-shells

Marshall, B., 1995.  Revision of the recent Calliostoma species of New Zealand (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Trochoidea), Nautilus 108 (4): 83-127

Marshall, B.A., 1996.  Molluscan name-bearing types in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Morton, J. and Miller, M., 1968.  The New Zealand seashore, Collins

Parkinson, B., 1999.  Common seashells of New Zealand

Powell, A.W.B., 1937.  New species of marine mollusca from New Zealand, Discovery Report 15, 153-222

Powell, A.W.B., 1979.  New Zealand mollusca: marine, land and freshwater shells, Collins, Auckland

Rudman, W.B., 1971.  The genus Bullina in New Zealand, Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia 2, 195-203

Walsby, J.R., Morton, J.E. and Croxall, J.P., 1973.  The feeding mechanism and ecology of the New Zealand pulmonate limpet, Gadinalea nivea, Journal of Zoology, London 171, 257-283





Roth, Alex, 1983.  Molluscs of the southern Marianas





Coleman, N., 1991.  The nature of Norfolk Island, Underwater Geographic Magazine





Springsteen, F.J. and Leobrera, F.M., 1986.  Shells of the Philippines, Carfel Seashell Museum, Manila





Madrigal, L.G., 1999.  Field guide of shallow water marine invertebrates of American Samoa





Gerlach, A.S. and Van Bruggen, A.C., 1999.  Streptaxidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata) of the Seychelles Islands, western Indian Ocean

Jarrett, A.G., 2000.  Marine shells of the Seychelles





Kirtisinghe, P., 1978.  Sea shells of Sri Lanka, including forms scattered throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans





Arrecgros, J., 1972.  Fairyland of Tahitian shells





Solem, A., 1966.  Some non-marine Mollusks from Thailand, with notes on classification of the Helicarionidae





Abbot, R.T.  Indo-Pacific mollusca (Series) (Editor)

Allen and Steene, 1996.  Indo-Pacific coral reef guide

Cernohorsky, W.O., 1967.  Marine shells of the Pacific, Pacific Publications, Sydney

Cernohorsky, W.O., 1972.  Marine shells of the Pacific, Pacific Publications, Sydney

Cernohorsky, W.O., 1978.  Tropical Pacific marine shells, Pacific Publications, Sydney

Dekker, H. and Goud, J., 1994.  Review of the Indo-West-Pacific species of Divaricella sensu auct with descriptions of two new species and a summary of the species from other regions, Vita Marina 42 115-136

Demond, J., 1957.  Micronesian reef-associated gastropods

Gosliner, Behrens and Williams.  Coral reef animals of the Indo-Pacific

Habe, T., 1964.  Shells of the western Pacific in color Vol. II, 233 p., Osaka, Japan

Kaicher, 1957.  Indo-Pacific seashells 7 booklets

Kira and Habe, 1965.  Shells of the western Pacific 2 volumes

Matsukuma, A., 1984.  Intertidal bivalved molluscs collected from the eastern Caroline and Marshall Islands, Western Pacific, Proc. Jap. Soc. Sys. Zool. pp 1-34, pls 1-5

Morris, P.A., 1966.  A field guide to Pacific coast shells, including shells of Hawaii and the Gulf of California 2nd edition

Nichols, J.T., and Bartsch, P., 1946.  Fishes and shells of the Pacific world

Quirk and Wolfe, 1975.  Exotic shells of the Pacific

Ricketts, E.F. and Calvin, J., 1939.  Between Pacific tides, Stanford University, California, Stanford University Press

Tinker, S., 1958.  Pacific sea shells





Melvill, J.C. and Standen, R., 1899.  The mollusca of Torres Strait, Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 27 (11) 150-206





Beedham, G.E., 1972.  Identification of British mollusca, Hulton Educational Publications Ltd, Amersham

Ellis, A.E., 1969.  British snails (Reprint)

Forsyth, W.S., 1961.  Common British seashells

Graham, A., 1971.  British prosobranchs, Linnean Society, London

Graham, A., 1988.  Synopses of the British fauna molluscs: Prosobranch and Pyramidellid Gastropods

Hayward, P.J., 1991.  Marine fauna of British Isles and NW Europe:  Mollusks to Chordate Vol 2 (Editor)

Kerney, 1982.  Field guide to the land shells of Britain and northwest Europe

McMillan, N.F., 1968.  British shells, F. Warne and Co., London

Smith, S.M., 1973.  Key to British marine gastropods

Thompson and Brown, 1976.  British opisthobranch mollusca